A workforce led by Ana Isabel Ortega Martínez, an archeologist on the Centro Nacional de Investigación sobre la Evolución Humana (CENIEH), and beneficiary of a Reale Basis post-doctoral analysis grant from the Fundación Atapuerca, has lately revealed a examine within the journal Archeological and Anthropological Sciences confirming that the parietal artwork within the Sala de las Pinturas at Ojo Guareña (Burgos, Spain), one of many largest cavities on the planet masking some 110 km, was frequented by human teams over 12,000 years.
|Sala de las Pinturas in Ojo Guareña, Burgos
[Credit: M.A. Martín-Merino]
By making use of Accelerator Mass Spectrometry (AMS), the researchers had been capable of corroborate that the black work within the Sala de las Pinturas had been made in the course of the closing levels of Europe’s final hunter-gatherer teams, some 13,000 years in the past.
From then and till 1,000 years in the past, there was ongoing human presence within the house over not less than 5 phases, from the ultimate hunter-gatherers within the Higher Paleolithic till the Excessive Center Ages, and together with the Neolithic, Chalcolithic and Bronze Age, three durations linked to the event of the earliest productive (agricultural) and metallurgical societies.
The courting was performed on small fragments of plant charcoal associated to illuminating the inside of the cavity, both in torches or fastened lights on the bottom, and the creation of animal figures and indicators on the partitions, the place the charcoal was used as a “pencil” for sketching.
“The proof that adorned caves are areas that had been used repeatedly provides a brand new dimension to the examine of Paleolithic artwork specializing in its reuse after creation,” says Marcos García Diez, of the Universidad Complutense de Madrid (UCM), co-author of this work.
Repeated visits by human teams implied speleological exploration of the underground house, with even climbing methods being essential, and it entailed the reuse of symbols by human teams with a later, and completely different, financial and symbolic custom. Certainly, the final teams really Christianized the place, marking the symbols now thought-about to be pagan.
The frequenting and use of caves for symbolic functions is documented all through historical past, which means a human conduct maintained over time that considers cavities as locations of symbolic significance, probably linked to religious and/or ideological actions.
“The information of the presence of various human teams within the Sala de las Pinturas over time poses each new and outdated challenges concerning the use and notion of the house. Visits which recommend respect for the place and its inventive manifestations, symbols which to a sure extent signify the appropriation and transformation of the subterranean panorama,” says Ortega.
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