14th century gold and silver coin hoard present in West Bohemia

14th century gold and silver coin hoard found in West Bohemia

The Museum of West Bohemia in Plzeň has introduced the invention of a whole lot of silver and gold cash from the 14th century. The treasure, unearthed in a forest close to the Kladruby Monastery within the area of Tachov, is believed to be one of many greatest troves of gold cash unearthed on the territory of the Czech Republic.

14th century gold and silver coin hoard found in West Bohemia
Credit score: Západočeské muzeum v Plzni

The possibility discovery occurred already in March, throughout the coronavirus lockdown, however it was not till this Monday that the museum introduced the discover to the general public. The cash have been stumbled upon by a younger couple who went on a stroll via the forest close to the West Bohemian city of Stříbro.

“As they have been strolling via the forest, they noticed just a few cash, two fabricated from gold and considered one of silver, mendacity on the bottom,” mentioned Milan Metlička is an archaeologist from the Museum of West Bohemia in Plzeň. “They have been in all probability dug up by some forest animals, most definitely by wild pigs. There was a big stone protruding from the bottom. Once they pulled it out, they noticed a considerable amount of gold and silver cash beneath and so they instantly referred to as us to announce the invention.”

14th century gold and silver coin hoard found in West Bohemia
14th century gold and silver coin hoard found in West Bohemia
Museum of West Bohemia archaeologist Milan Metlička with among the cash from the hoard
[Credit: Miroslav Chaloupka, ČTK]

Among the many cash are gold ducats bearing the picture of the Czech King and Holy Roman Emperor Charles IV, Albrecht of Austria and Rupert of the Palatinate in addition to ducats from the Hanseatic metropolis of Lübeck.

“It additionally incorporates 343 silver groschen largely minted in Bohemia throughout the reign of Charles IV and several other groshen bearing the picture of John of Bohemia, the Duke of Luxembourg. The invention of the silver groshen shouldn’t be that uncommon. However such a big trove of gold cash is de facto distinctive. No such discovery was made within the nation previously 50 years.”

14th century gold and silver coin hoard found in West Bohemia
14th century gold and silver coin hoard found in West Bohemia
The coin hoard in situ [Credit: Západočeské muzeum v Plzni]

Archaeologists consider the cash have been buried within the floor within the late 1370s. Whereas the rationale why somebody hid the treasure is prone to stay unknown, it was most definitely linked to the close by Monastery in Kladruby.

“The monastery was situated on a strategic medieval commerce route between Prague and Nürnberg. And because the discovery was made not removed from there and near the royal city of Stříbro, it is vitally possible that it’s by some means linked to it.”

14th century gold and silver coin hoard found in West Bohemia
Gold ducat of Charles IV (r. 1346-1378) [Credit score: Západočeské muzeum v Plzni]
14th century gold and silver coin hoard found in West Bohemia
Gold florin of Louis I of Hungary (r. 1342–1382) [Credit score: Západočeské muzeum v Plzni]

Based on Mr Metlička, it’s laborious to precise the worth of the discover by way of cash, however the nominal worth of the gold cash, which weigh over 325 grams, is a minimum of CZK 420,000.

“With the silver cash, it’s extra difficult, as a result of additionally they comprise copper, which lowered their worth. Nonetheless, the historic worth of the silver cash could possibly be round CZK 180,000 and the worth of the gold cash might vary between CZK three and 4 million.”

14th century gold and silver coin hoard found in West Bohemia
The coin hoard was initially buried in a clay pot
[Credit: Západočeské muzeum v Plzni]

The cash are anticipated to go on show within the Museum of West Bohemia in Plzeň on the finish of this yr or at first of subsequent yr, after they’ve been restored and catalogued.

Creator: Ruth Fraňková | Supply: Radio Prague Worldwide [August 20, 2020]

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