Completely different chronological phases of the worship centre of the traditional Achaean metropolis of Helike that was destroyed by an earthquake in 375 BC characterize necessary findings that have been found through the systematic archaeological analysis of the Geometric and Archaic Interval Sanctuary Poseidon Heliconius within the village of Nikoleika close to Aigion, in Achaea. Particularly, an arched Geometric temple of 710-700 BC, a mudbrick altar of 760-750 BC, which was the centre of worship earlier than the development of the arched temple and the tiling of a later temple of 550 BC have been excavated on the web site.
The analysis is carried out within the framework of the two-year analysis program of the Directorate of Prehistoric and Classical Antiquities, beneath the route of Dr. Erofilis Kolias, head of the Ephorate of Antiquities of Ilia and Dr. Anastasia Gadolou, head of the Division of Prehistoric and Classical Archaeological Websites and Tradition.
|Common view of the excavation to the north. The layer of destruction of the tiling of the Archaic
temple (550 BC) might be seen in varied locations and the wall of a constructing
of the eighth century BC [Credit: Greek Ministry of Culture]
The intention of the challenge is to discover the completely different phases of this necessary worship centre of the traditional metropolis of Helike, in addition to the socio-political traits of the society of the time by way of the research of architectural stays and choices to the worshipped deity.
|Consuming vessels (skyphoi, kantharoi) present in a degree with traces of burning and animal bones,
probably remnants of a feast, courting to 750-740 BC [Credit: Greek Ministry of Culture]
Over the past analysis interval, which ended on August 6, 2020, components of the tiling of the Archaic temple got here to gentle, in addition to a part of a clay-shaped headdress that in all probability comes from the gable ornament of the temple.
|Amphorae present in a degree with traces of burning and animal bones, probably remnants
of a feast, courting to 750-740 BC [Credit: Greek Ministry of Culture]
At a decrease degree, a wall was excavated in a NW route, in all probability a part of an eighth century BC constructing and east of it a layer with ingesting vessels (kantharoi, skyphoi, oinochoe and amphorae), together with animal bones and traces of cremation, in all probability stays of a feast, a very necessary component for the research of the worship and social traits of the group. Additionally discovered have been bronze objects and iron spearheads, in addition to sections of mud bricks with crimson mortar.
|Iron tip positioned vertically, in all probability as a non secular providing, dated to c.710-700 BC
[Credit: Greek Ministry of Culture]
The laboratory research of the above metallic and structural parts, in collaboration with the Nationwide Technical College of Athens, is anticipated to make clear elements of the expertise of the time. The above together with the research of animal bones by a specialised zooarchaeologist (Eleni Psathi) and the research of fruit residues and different natural parts collected by way of the floatation of soil samples by specialised archaeobotanologists (Prof. Evi Margarita and Margaritiki. Tsirtsi), reveal the interdisciplinarity of this archaeological analysis, obligatory to gather as a lot scientific information as doable, in an effort to research the traditional society that based and operated this necessary cult and non secular middle.