3,500-year-old small clay ‘pill’ that includes two human figures discovered close to Tel Jemmeh

3,500-year-old small clay

Six-year-old Imri Elya from Kibbutz Nirim, went on an outing final March along with his dad and mom to tour the Tel Jemmeh archaeological website positioned within the south of Israel. All of a sudden, a small, 2.80 x 2.80 cm sq. clay object, caught his eye. The curious boy picked up the thing, and to his shock noticed two figures engraved on it. Imri’s dad and mom contacted the Israel Antiquities Authority and handed over the mysterious discover.

3,500-year-old small clay 'tablet' featuring two human figures found near Tel Jemmeh
3,500-year-old Canaanite clay piece discovered on Tel Jemmeh (the Canaanite metropolis of Yarza)
[Credit: Emil Aladjem, Israel Antiquities Authority]

After checking the merchandise, archaeologists had been shocked to comprehend that this was a singular and uncommon discover that has not been found till at this time in archaeological excavations in Israel.

In keeping with the archaeologists Saar Ganor, Itamar Weissbein and Oren Shmueli of the Israel Antiquities Authority, The pill depicts the scene of a person main a captive. The determine is sporting a skirt and is holding a totally bare captive with arms folded and tied behind his again. It’s evident that the artist sought to emphasise the captive’s humiliation by exhibiting him bare, or maybe to explain the ethnic variations between the captor and the captive by presenting every determine’s totally different facial options – the captor’s hair is curly and his face is full, whereas the captive is skinny and his face elongated.

3,500-year-old small clay 'tablet' featuring two human figures found near Tel Jemmeh
Aerial view of Tel Jemmeh, the Canaanite metropolis of Yarza
[Credit: Valdick Lipshitz/IAA]

Primarily based on parallels to the Egyptian artwork world and native Canaanite artwork, the researchers estimate that the artifact ought to be dated to the Late Bronze Age (between the 12th and 15th centuries BCE).

The violence portrayed raises attention-grabbing questions concerning the historic background of the pill. Throughout this era, the Egyptian Empire dominated Canaan. The latter was divided into “metropolis states” dominated by native kings. From letters despatched by Canaan kings of that interval to Egypt (often known as the El Amarna letters), it’s recognized that inner struggles and management conflicts existed between Canaanite cities.

Reaserchers consider that the scene depicted on the pill symbolically describes the ability struggles between the town of Yurza (now Tel Jemmeh) – one of many strongest Canaanite cities within the south of the nation, and certainly one of its neighbors; “the scene depicted on the pill is taken from descriptions of victory parades; therefore the pill ought to be recognized as a narrative depicting the ruler’s energy over his enemies. This opens a visible window to understanding the wrestle for dominance within the south of the nation in the course of the Canaanite interval.”

The supply of the pill to the Antiquities Authority signifies worth training and good citizenship on the a part of Imri and his dad and mom. Nicely finished!”


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