Canaanite fortress present in excavation in southern Israel

Canaanite fortress found in excavation in southern Israel

A Canaanite fortress from the center of the 12 century B.C – The times of the biblical judges, was discovered by Israel Antiquities Authority and teenage volunteers in an excavation near Kibbutz Galon, close to Kiryat Gat. The location is now being opened for the general public freed from cost, in a collaboration between Israel Antiquities Authority and the Jewish Nationwide Fund​ (KKL).

Canaanite fortress found in excavation in southern Israel
Aerial picture of the Canaanite fortress [Credit score: Emil Aladjem,
Israel Antiquities Authority]

In accordance with archaeologists Saar Ganor and Itamar Weissbein of the Israel Antiquities Authority, “The fortress we discovered offers a glimpse into the Geopolitical actuality described within the Judges e-book, through which the Canaanites, Israelites and Philistines are preventing one another. On this interval, the land of Canaan was dominated by the Egyptians and its inhabitants have been below their custody. Then, throughout the 12th century B.C., two new gamers entered the sport: the Israelites and the Philistines. This led to a sequence of violent territorial disputes.

The Israelites settled in non-fortified settlements on the Benjamin and Judean Mountains. In the meantime, The Philistines collected energy within the Southern Coastal Plain and established massive cities corresponding to Ashkelon, Ashdod and Gat. In an try to overcome extra areas, The Philistines confronted the Egyptians and the Canaanites on the border line, which in all probability handed on the Guvrin river, between the Philistine kingdom of Gat and the Canaanite kingdom of Lachish.

Canaanite fortress found in excavation in southern Israel
A sketch of a 3,200-year-old citadel unearthed close to Guvrin Stream and Kibbutz Gal On
[Credit: Itamar Weissbein/Israel Antiquities Authority]

Plainly Galon fortress was constructed as a Canaanite/Egyptian try to deal with the brand new Geopolitical scenario. Nonetheless, in the midst of the 12 century B.C. the Egyptians left the land of Canaan and returned to Egypt. Their departure led to the destruction of the now unprotected Canaanite cities – a destruction that was in all probability led by the Philistines.

In accordance with Ganor and Weissbein, the tales of the judges within the bible display clearly the sophisticated Geopolitical actuality and the wrestle for the management of territories throughout the institution of recent political powers within the land of Israel. The fortress construction, referred to as Egyptian ‘governor homes,’ is thought from different websites excavated in Israel. The fortress was in-built a strategic location, from which it’s attainable to observe the principle street that went alongside the Guvrin river – a street connecting the coastal plain to the Judea plains.


Canaanite fortress found in excavation in southern Israel
A collection of the three,200-year-old bowls discovered on the website [Credit score: Dafna Gazit,
Israel Antiquities Authority]

The scale of the fortress is 18X 18 m’ and watch towers have been constructed within the 4 corners. A large threshold, carved from a single rock weighing round Three tons, was preserved on the entrance of the constructing. Contained in the fortress was a courtyard paved with stone slabs and columns within the center. Rooms have been constructed from each side of the courtyard. A whole lot of pottery vessels, some nonetheless complete, have been discovered within the rooms of the fortress, together with particular vessels corresponding to bowl and cup that have been in all probability used for spiritual ritual. Numerous bowls have been additionally discovered within the rooms, a few of which have been made in a mode copying Egyptian bowls.

The stays of the fortress have been uncovered with the assistance of scholars type the Israel research division on the multidisciplinary faculty in Be’er Sheva, college students from the Nachshon pre-military preparatory program and different volunteers. This was performed as a part of the Israel Antiquities Authority coverage to carry most people, and particularly the younger technology, nearer to archaeology.

In accordance with Talila Lifshitz, director of the group and forest division within the southern area of the Jewish Nationwide Fund, “Galon fortress offers a captivating glimpse into the story of a comparatively unknown interval within the historical past of the nation and it offers a touristic and experiential attraction for guests.”

The fortress is situated in Guvrin forest and was ready for public visitation in a collaboration between Israel Antiquities Authority and the southern area of the Jewish Nationwide Fund (KKL). A picnic space and a few explanatory indicators have been set as much as improve the archaeological expertise in nature and within the KKL forests.


Supply: Israel Ministry of Overseas Affairs [August 23, 2020]

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