Chemical Evaluation Detects Dairy in Hunter-Gatherer Pots

Lesotho Senqu River

Lesotho Senqu RiverBRISTOL, ENGLAND—In keeping with an announcement launched by the College of Bristol, Iron Age hunter-gatherers residing within the highlands of what’s now the central South African nation of Lesotho might have stored small numbers of livestock. The hunter-gatherers are thought to have acquired these animals from farmers who lived on the coast shortly after their arrival within the first millennium A.D. As a pupil on the College of Bristol, Helen Fewlass, now of the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, analyzed residues on pottery recovered from the websites of Sehonghong and Likoaeng, which have been discovered with items of iron and what are considered home animal bones. The evaluation detected dairy residues in about one-third of the hunter-gatherer pots, Fewlass stated. One residue from Likoaeng was dated to between A.D. 579 and 654, whereas the pattern from Sehonghong was dated to between A.D. 885 and 990. Fewlass then in contrast the hunter-gatherer residues with these on pots unearthed at a close-by agricultural settlement. The outcomes counsel that the hunter-gatherer teams realized animal husbandry strategies from the farmers and had ongoing contact with them, she defined. To learn in regards to the unfold of pastoralism to southern Africa, go to “Herding Genes in Africa.”

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