First exhaustive research of the Palaeolithic website of El Provencio, Spain

First exhaustive study of the Palaeolithic site of El Provencio, Spain

The researcher Davinia Moreno, a geochronologist on the Centro Nacional de Investigación sobre la Evolución Humana (CENIEH), is the co-leader of a paper revealed within the journal Quaternary Worldwide about El Provencio, through which the primary exhaustive research of this Palaeolithic website within the province of Cuenca, located within the La Mancha plain on the banks of the Záncara River, is performed.
First exhaustive study of the Palaeolithic site of El Provencio, Spain
Stone stools from El Provencio [Credit score: David Dominguez-Solera,
ARES Arqueologia]

The geochronological evaluation carried out on the CENIEH, making use of the strategies of Electron Spin Resonance (ESR) and Optically Stimulated Luminescence (OSL) has offered the primary numerical datings on this area. The latest and most historic ranges of the archaeological sequence have been dated, yielding ages of 41,000 (OSL) and 830,000 years (ESR).

The wealthy archaeo-palaeontological document of El Provencio reveals stone instruments labored in flint and quartzite catalogued as Modes 1, 2 and three (Oldowan, Acheulean and Mousterian), in addition to bone stays from species attribute of the Pleistocene corresponding to horses, bison and mammoths.

This research means that, during the last 800,000 years, teams of hunter-gatherers occupied this territory, endeavor quite a lot of actions recurrently and repeatedly, and it undercuts theories of a discontinuity within the heart of the Iberian Peninsula and people contending that inhabitants was extra intensive on the coast than within the inside.

Analysis and outreach undertaking

The analysis work at El Provencio is a part of a a lot bigger undertaking that obtained underneath method in 2013 and which, in the mean time, covers dozens of areas all through the province of Cuenca. This undertaking, directed by Santiago David Domínguez-Solera, lead creator of this research, by the corporate ARES (Arqueología y Patrimonio Cultural) is being performed in shut collaboration with the Junta de Comunidades de Castilla-La Mancha, the Diputación de Cuenca and the Ayuntamiento de El Provencio.

From the outset, this undertaking has positioned particular significance on outreach for its scientific outcomes: a classroom for schoolchildren and guests has been arrange, and documentary reportage, exhibitions and college programs (Universidad Internacional Menéndez Pelayo) within the municipality of El Provencio itself have been produced.

“As of a number of years in the past, we’ve been opening up a window onto the prehistoric previous, aligning it with the three pure zones making up what’s in the present day the province of Cuenca; La Mancha, Sierra and Alcarria, every with its specific options. This window affords a glimpse of an space little studied or neglected so far, and due to this fact unknown to science”, declares Domínguez-Solera.


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