German researchers are piecing collectively the lifetime of a prehistoric girl who died greater than 5,000 years in the past within the Neolithic interval, after her skeleton was discovered throughout excavation works for wind generators.
|The “Woman of Bietikow,” as she has been named, was present in northeastern Germany
and died greater than 5,000 years in the past [Credit: AFP]
The “Woman of Bietikow,” as she has been named, was discovered close to a village of the identical identify in northeastern Germany’s Uckermark area.
The skeleton had been buried in a settlement in a squatting place, one of many oldest identified types of burial, in response to native media.
Investigations have proven that she was between 30 and 45 years previous and died greater than 5,000 years in the past.
That signifies that she lived throughout the identical interval as Oetzi the Iceman, the stunningly preserved corpse discovered by vacationers within the Alps within the 1990s.
“You’ll be able to evaluate Oetzi and the Woman of Bietikow when it comes to age,” mentioned Philipp Roskoschinski, one of many two archaeologists who made the invention within the state of Brandenburg, which surrounds Berlin.
|Archaeologist Philipp Roskoschinski (L) and anthropologist Bettina Jungklaus look
on the skeletal stays of the so-called “Woman of Bietikow” [Credit: AFP]
Oetzi was discovered by two hikers in 1991 within the Oetztal Alps on the border between Austria and Italy.
His physique was extraordinarily properly preserved, with organs, pores and skin and different natural materials nonetheless intact—researchers had been even capable of see what he had eaten hours earlier than he died.
“The invention of Oetzi was rather more spectacular as a result of circumstances of preservation,” Roskoschinski mentioned.
All that’s left of Woman Bietikow are bones and a few fragments of clothes, however researchers have nonetheless managed to piece collectively some particulars about her life.
It was through the Neolithic interval that people first launched grains into their food plan, since they might be saved extra simply than meat and is also used as a method of cost, in response to anthropologist Bettina Jungklaus.
|German anthropologist Bettina Jungklaus holds up the decrease jaw bone, a part of the
skeletal stays of the so-called “Woman of Bietikow” [Credit: AFP]
Nevertheless, this led to a deterioration in individuals’s common well being. This may be seen within the state of the Woman of Bietikow’s tooth, that are severely eroded and lacking utterly in some locations, Jungklaus mentioned.
“Usually there’s enamel on the floor of the tooth. However right here it’s closely worn, chewed off,” she mentioned.
“This enables us to attract conclusions about her food plan: it was most likely very wealthy in fibre, very onerous. There are particular grains that trigger the tooth to wear down simply.”
It stays unclear whether or not the situation of Woman Bietikow’s tooth signifies an sickness and even the reason for her loss of life.
Researchers are actually hoping to search out out extra about her life, together with whether or not she got here from the Uckermark area or had immigrated there from elsewhere.
See additionally: ‘Woman Of Bietikow’ Is As Outdated As Otzi
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