The traits of Florisbad cranium reinforce the mosaic speculation of human evolution

The traits of Florisbad skull reinforce the mosaic hypothesis of human evolution

Emiliano Bruner, a paleoneurologist on the Centro Nacional de Investigacion sobre la Evolucion Humana (CENIEH), in collaboration with Marlize Lombard, of the College of Johannesburg, has simply revealed a research within the Journal of Anthropological Sciences which describes the braincase traits of Florisbad, a fossil present in South Africa in 1932, and its similarities with different species like Homo sapiens, H. neanderthalensis and H. heidelbergensis.

The traits of Florisbad skull reinforce the mosaic hypothesis of human evolution
Florisbad cranium [Credit: E. Bruner et al. 2020]

The frontal bone of this particular person, dated to round 260,000 years in the past, has a very trendy form, which suggests a spatial relationship between face and cranial vault similar to that of Homo sapiens, though the frontal lobes are notably broad, like in H. neanderthalensis. Nonetheless, the parietal bone shows an anatomy similar to extra archaic species equivalent to H. heidelbergensis.

“The Florisbad skull is perhaps key to investigating the origin of our species. It might be from a really early inhabitants of Homo sapiens or an extinct group belonging to a different impartial, parallel human lineage,” says Bruner.

Fossils with a combination of extra extremely advanced characters within the face and extra primitive ones within the posterior areas of the skull have additionally been present in Europe and Asia, which corroborates the concept that human evolution didn’t proceed linearly however mosaically.

Supply: CENIEH [October 30, 2020]

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