By drawings, researchers from the College of Seville, the École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (Switzerland) and the College of Granada have recognized particulars hitherto unknown within the muqarnas of the temples of the Lions’ Courtyard on the Alhambra in Granada, a UNESCO World Heritage Website.
So as to higher perceive and facilitate the conservation of those fourteenth-century architectural parts, following a overview of quite a few repairs carried out over the intervening centuries, a novel methodology was adopted based mostly on three complementary graphic analyses: first, excellent photos from the seventeenth to the 20th centuries had been reviewed; then new laptop drawings had been made from their muqarnas, following the theoretical ideas of their geometrical grouping; and eventually, a three-dimensional scan was made to establish their exact present state from the purpose cloud obtained.
The comparability of drawings has allowed us to confirm for the primary time that the muqarnas of the 2 temples have a distinct configuration and totally different variety of items. As well as, geometric deformations have been detected within the unique Nasrid design, figuring out hitherto unknown items, plus different deformations because of the varied repairs from main threats that the temples and their muqarnas have survived for hundreds of years, regardless of their fragile building.
“For the primary time, this text paperwork and analyses particulars that had been hitherto virtually absent from the scientific literature”, says Antonio Gámiz, professor on the College of Seville and co-author of this work.
The muqarnas are one of the crucial distinctive architectural episodes of the Nasrid Alhambra and of medieval Islamic artwork due to their subtle three-dimensional geometrical building. They’re small prisms which can be grouped collectively and create an awesome range of spatial configurations, adapting their composition to very various architectural conditions in cornices, arches, capitals and vaults. They reached a virtuous zenith throughout the reign of Muhammad V (1354-1359 and 1362-1391) when essential works had been undertaken within the palaces of the Alhambra.
The findings are printed in Sustainability.